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Hugh Nelson

Member From: 1805 - 1809

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  • Birth Date: September 30, 1768 Birth Place:Yorktown, Virginia
  • Death Date: March 18, 1836
  • Gender: Male Race: Caucasian
  • Spouse: Eliza Kinloch, April 28, 1799
  • Children:
  • Religion:
  • Education: William & Mary (1780)
  • Military Service:
  • Occupation/Profession: Lawyer/Judge (General Court, elected February 7, 1809)
  • Additional Info: ​Hugh Nelson was the son of Thomas Nelson, Jr., one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence and Revolutionary War Governor of Virginia, and Lucy Grymes Nelson.
    Hugh Nelson succeeded William Waller Hening in the House after he was disqualified from holding his seat in the House after his election to the Council.
  • Bio: Born in York(town), Va., September 30, 1768. Died at “Belvoir”, Albemarle County, Va., March 18, 1836. Buried in “Belvoir” cemetery, Cismont, Albemarle County, Va. Hugh Nelson of York and Albemarle Counties was the son of Thomas, Jr. and Lucy (Grymes) Nelson. His father was one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence and Revolutionary War Governor of Virginia. He graduated from the College of William and Mary in 1790, and was a lawyer. He moved to Albemarle County in 1802, where he practiced law and lived at “Belvoir”, originally part of the “Castle Hill” estate of Mrs. Nelson”s grandfather, Dr. Thomas Walker. He was a member of the House of Delegates, 1805-09, 1828-29; Judge of the General Court, elected February 7, 1809; member of the U. S. House of Representatives, 1811-23; and Minister to Spain, 1823-24. He married, April 28, 1799, Eliza Kinlock, only child of Francis and Mildred (Walker) Kinloch, of “Kensington”, near Charleston, S. C.

    While he was Speaker of the House, the Clerk was JAMES PLEASANTS, JR.
  • Other Notable Service and/or Elected Offices: Member, Senate of Virginia (1786-1791)
    Member, U.S. House of Representatives (March 4, 1811-January 14, 1823)
    Speaker of the House of Delegates (1807-February 8, 1809)
    Minister to Spain, 1823-1824
    Chairman, U.S. House of Representatives' Judiciary Committee (14th, 15th and 17th Congress)
Session District District Number Party Leadership Committees
1805-1806 Albemarle Democratic-Republican
1806-1807 Albemarle Democratic-Republican Courts of Justice
Privileges and Elections
1807-1808 Albemarle Democratic-Republican Speaker of the House
1808-1809 Albemarle Democratic-Republican Speaker of the House

*The information within this interactive and searchable application has been researched extensively by the House Clerk’s Office. As with any historical records of this age and breadth, there may be discrepancies and/or inconsistencies within records obtained from a variety of credible sources. Any feedback is encouraged at history@house.virginia.gov.

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