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John Francis Mercer

Member From: 1782 - 1786

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  • Birth Date: 1759 Birth Place:
  • Gender: Male Race: Caucasian, Irish
  • Spouse:
  • Children:
  • Religion:
  • Education: Attended William & Mary (1774-1776); was the college roommate of James Monroe.
  • Military Service: Captain in the 3rd Virginia Regiment, serving for three years before resigning in 1778. During these three years he was promoted to Major and became aide-de-camp to General Charles Lee. Returned to the army in 1781having raised a troop of cavalry from the Fredericksburg area, and served as a Colonel under the Marquis de Lafayette at the Battle of Green Spring, Gloucester Point and Yorktown, where he witnessed the surrender.
  • Occupation/Profession:
  • Additional Info: 1785-1786 Assembly-An election was ordered to fill the place of William Brent, deceased. John Francis Mercer took his seat.

    • Son of John Mercer – Irish immigrant and wealthy plantation owner at Marlborough in Stafford County.
    • His mother was Ann Roy (John Mercer’s second wife)
    • Half -Brother of James Mercer and George Mercer
    • First Cousin of George Mason
  • Other Notable Service and/or Elected Offices: • Represented Virginia in the Continental Congress in December 1782
    • Moved to Maryland and represented Maryland in Constitutional Convention of 1787, but left prior to passage of the constitution.
    • Served as congressman from Maryland and Governor of Maryland (1801-1803)
Session District District Number Party Leadership Committees
1782 Stafford Courts of Justice
Privileges and Elections
Propositions and Grievances
1785-1786 Stafford Commerce
Privileges and Elections
Propositions and Greivances

*The information within this interactive and searchable application has been researched extensively by the House Clerk’s Office. As with any historical records of this age and breadth, there may be discrepancies and/or inconsistencies within records obtained from a variety of credible sources. Any feedback is encouraged at history@house.virginia.gov.

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