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Nancy Melvinna "Vinnie" Caldwell

Member From: 1928 - 1928

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  • Birth Date: August 4, 1868 Birth Place:Middlebrook, Augusta County, VA
  • Death Date: February 11, 1956
  • Gender: Female Race: Caucasian
  • Spouse:
  • Children:
  • Religion:
  • Education: Centenary College, Cleveland, TN
  • Military Service:
  • Occupation/Profession: Teacher, stenographer, demonstrator, housekeeper and hotel officer
  • Memberships/Affiliations: Galax Music Club Women's Business and Professional Club Carroll and Grayson County voluntary welfare work
  • Additional Info Links: Bio from Library of Virginia
  • Bio: The daughter of a farmer, Nancy Melvina "Vinnie" Caldwell (August 4, 1868–February 11, 1956) grew up in Carroll County. She attended the local public school and, at her mother's urging, took and passed an examination to become a teacher. Miss Vinnie, as she was known, taught at a series of schools until late in the 1890s. Frustrated by her low salary and the difficulties of teaching in an impoverished rural school system, Caldwell left teaching, Galax, and, later, the state.

    By 1920 she had returned to Galax and became involved in local politics, probably after women gained the right to vote that year. In 1927, the Democratic Party in Carroll County nominated her for the county's seat in the House of Delegates. Although southwestern Virginia was a stronghold of the Republican Party, and Republicans captured every other major office in the county, Caldwell defeated her male opponent by a vote of 1,990 to 1,895. She joined three other women in the assembly when it convened in January 1928. She sat on the Committees on Schools and Colleges, on Asylums and Prisons, and on Manufactures and Mechanic Arts. She introduced several bills related to Galax and Carroll County and was a patron of an unsuccessful bill to appropriate $100,000 for pensions for mothers.

    Caldwell did not seek reelection in 1929, but maintained a keen interest in current events for the rest of her life and devoted herself to welfare work in the Galax area.
Session District District Number Party Leadership Committees
1928 County of Carroll Democrat Asylums and Prisons
Manufactures and Mechanic Arts
Schools and Colleges

*The information within this interactive and searchable application has been researched extensively by the House Clerk’s Office. As with any historical records of this age and breadth, there may be discrepancies and/or inconsistencies within records obtained from a variety of credible sources. Any feedback is encouraged at history@house.virginia.gov.

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