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Peter Jacob Carter

Member From: 1871 - 1879

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  • Birth Date: May 29, 1845 Birth Place:Eastville, Northampton County, Virginia
  • Death Date: July 19, 1886
  • Gender: Male Race: African American
  • Spouse: Georgianna Mapp m. 1873 - she died in 1882; Maggie Treherne m. 1884
  • Children: 4+
  • Religion:
  • Education: Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute (Hampton University)
  • Military Service: Escaped from slavery during the American Civil War and enlisted on October 30, 1863, in Company B of the 10th Regiment United States Colored Infantry. He mustered out on May 17, 1866.
  • Occupation/Profession: He worked as a house servant while in slavery.
  • Additional Info Links: Bio from Encyclopedia Virginia
  • Additional Info: He became an important figure in Republican politics on Virginia's Eastern Shore and served in the Virginia House of Delegates from Northampton County from 1871 to 1879, one of the longest tenures among the 19th century African American members of the General Assembly. He introduced measures concerning taxes on oysters, the boundaries of election precincts, correcting prisoner abuse, improving the care of black deaf-mutes, and providing housing for the elderly and poor in Richmond. A large landowner, he also introduced bills to combat the exclusion of African Americans from jury service and to improve the treatment of prisoners and abolish the whipping post as a punishment for crime. He was in the delegation from the General Assembly that met with President Ulysses S. Grant to support what became the Civil Rights Act of 1875. His son studied medicine at Howard University and became a physician at the veterans' hospital in Tuskegee, Alabama.
  • Other Notable Service and/or Elected Offices: Doorkeeper of the Senate of Virginia - 1881 - 1882
    Rector -  Virginia Normal and Collegiate Institute (Virginia State University)
Session District District Number Party Leadership Committees
1871-1873 Northampton Republican Agriculture and Mining
Claims Committee (Dates Unknown)
Militia and Police Committee (Dates Unknown)
Retrenchment and Economy
1874-1875 Northampton Republican Agriculture and Mining
Claims Committee (Dates Unknown)
Militia and Police Committee (Dates Unknown)
Retrenchment and Economy
1875-1877 Northampton Republican Agriculture and Mining
Claims Committee (Dates Unknown)
Militia and Police Committee (Dates Unknown)
Retrenchment and Economy Committee
1877-1879 Northampton Republican Agriculture and Mining Committee (Dates Unknown)
Claims
Militia and Police Committee
Retrenchment and Economy Committee (Dates Unknown)

*The information within this interactive and searchable application has been researched extensively by the House Clerk’s Office. As with any historical records of this age and breadth, there may be discrepancies and/or inconsistencies within records obtained from a variety of credible sources. Any feedback is encouraged at history@house.virginia.gov.

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